Mahatma Gandhi who changed the history of India forever and with his non-violent measures gained Independence for the country. But before you think that this is just about India wait for Gandhi Saman good work. Wasn’t just limited to one country, already gained a lot of respect and popularity in South Africa.
Before he even came to India from Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi to Mahatma Gandhi Biography from non-violence life principals to tragic violent assassination by Hindu Nationalist. How this man-made every single sentence about down to him and the night all trailers coming his way to free his country. This article is dedicated to the great soul’s life and struggles to achieve Purna Swaraj for India. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in an Indian Gujarati family in Porbandar on 2nd October 1869.
His father Karamchand Uttam Chand Gandhi was a Deewan in Porbandar and his mother Putlibai was a housewife and a very religious lady Gandhi was very much influenced by his mother. And personality suggesting Harish Chandra which prove his love towards religion and the principle of always abiding by the truth and life century childhood as a child in school he was the chai kid who was more into books and school lessons then games Mahatma Gandhi was married at a very young age of 14 to Kasturba Mukherjee.
Kapadiya button known as Kasturba Gandhi in 1885 he lost his father and its first time in the same year which completely shut an emotionally at such a young age however Gandhi still continued the responsibilities and completed his High School graduation at the age of 18 from Ahmedabad after this Gandhi went to London for getting his law degree from the University of London and became a barrister in 1891.
When he came back to India started practicing law in Bombay but could not do much as you feel in cross-examination witnesses after this he got an opportunity to practice law in South Africa and when they are in Apple 1893 South Africa was a British Colony then and Gandhi face a lot of discrimination and bowling due to skin color in the early days of his arrival in South Africa.
It completely shows him how some people consider themselves superior just because of the color of the skin of their Heritage Gandhi was once traveling on a train that he was forcefully kekda of the white-only caused by an official just because of skin color and he was not allowed to travel not just this but even on the street and other so-called color people were called a parasite yellow man kuli at 17 he had enough and he decided to fight for the rights of people and discrimination injustice bowling and humiliation and now this is one Gandhi’s life to cut on this led to the formation of natal Indian Congress in 1894.
A political party that you need find all the Indians in South Africa as a powerful political force that would oppose the bill that denied them the right to vote and fight against racial discrimination and injustice in 1986 Mahatma Gandhi adopted is a methodology of Satyagraha or civil disobedience movement for the first time it was called civil disobedience because of the fact that it across the law but it was a nonviolent protest.
Yes, the first civil disobedience movement by Mahatma Gandhi Biography wasn’t South Africa after almost 7 years of struggle Mahatma Gandhi finally successfully negotiated with the South African government after gaining a lot of popularity as an Indian Nationalist Annelida Gandhi return to India in January 1915 on request of Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Indian political leader during Indian Independence movement Gandhi joined Indian National Congress and learn about several issues of the country including political aspects.
And concerns of people he was given the title Mahatma Gandhi Biography of the great soul by Rabindranath Tagore in March as he gave up his career and adopted a very simple hairstyle for the independence of a country later that year and may he found his first ashram called Sabarmati Ashram with his followers in Ahmedabad Gujarat Gandhi first Satyagraha Movement in India took place in the Champaran district of Bihar it took place in April 1917 and was known as a Champaran Satyagraha in the British Colonial rule many 3 and farmers.
Were forced to grow Indigo in a portion of the land as a condition of tenancy was used to make dye house prices fell down as Germany invented the cheaper alternative however in World War 1 supply from Germany almost season the farmers were again first to grow indigo at very low rates instead of the food crops which was a necessity for them this created rej among the farmers as they didn’t get enough money and was struggling from poverty one such Indigo farmer Rajkumar Shukla seeking help Mahatma Gandhi Biography with a team of efficient loss came to Champaran.
This is when he began his first-ever Satyagraha in India and protected non-voluntary as a result of Mahatma Gandhi Biography to the Administration by surprise and the Champaran agrarian bill was passed which gave the Indigo cultivators great relief and concessions by authorities after the Champaran movement Satyagraha became a part of Indian Independence struggle Mahatma Gandhi Biography also emerged as a strong national leader and this is when he was given the name Bapu the second Saturday holiday Mahatma Gandhi was Kheda Satyagraha of 1918 in China district of Gujarat was hit by floods.
Feminine due to which the presence of demand and tax relief from the authorities they signed a petition seeking non-payment of tax in the wake of the mind, however, the government rejected and won the presence of confiscation of the lands and properties on Mahatma Gandhi Biography Sardar Patel suggestion that access one not paid and properties were seized by the authorities farmers however so much influenced by Gandhi that they did not register rest and instead ignored the violence by people resting them the movement was not able in terms of unity and discipline and proved how much influential leaders.
Mahatma Gandhi Biography was Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was also a very important participant with Gandhi in this movement as a negotiated with the British water present in the farmers the result of the Satyagraha was that not the stacks of the year in question was left but also for the next chapter from iron and thus these properties were returned and business also released during World War 1 Gandhi help the British with resources and recruiting Indian soldiers to fight in the war the motivation behind the support was the promise given by British government.
That they will give Swarajya self-governance to India however after the war what is dormant did not keep their word and just made some reforms instead was disappointed Gandhi in return Gandhi gave hands of another civil disobedience movement against the British as a result to which the British authorities pass travel IT Act which allowed the British government to treat any participant of civil disobedience movement as a premier anal and arrest them legally in February 1999 Mahatma Gandhi had already told viceroy of India that if the Britishers pass Rowlatt Act would urge all the Indians to participate in civil disobedience movement the British authorities have ignored him and pass the last thing.
They are not going to be shortened the civil disobedience movement followed and people from various parts of the country gathered at different locations protesting against the law on different locations non violently on 19th March 1919 in Delhi British officers opened fire on an arm people protesting peacefully rights followed and people were raised by this incident on 6 April Mahatma Gandhi Biography told them to still remain non-violent yet show their frustrations by giving up all the British goods and Burn any vintage clothing.
They owned several communities around the country announced that they are going to protest in huge numbers on April 13, 1919, many people including women and children gathered in Amritsar Jallianwala Garden to protest and of a surname Rajanna Diana surrounded them with this force and order are the troops to open farm them several people were brutally shot dead at this incident was called Jallianwala Bagh massacre all the operations by British officials let Mahatma Gandhi Biography believe that Indians can never get justice.
Unfair treatment under the British rule this is when Mahatma Gandhi Biography shifted his focus to Purna Swaraj that is completely self-governance in 1921 Gandhi became the leader of Congress Party and due to support to Khilafat movement a political movement by Muslims of India to restore the collapse of Ottoman Empire Muslims also were now with them this does a lot of British raj.
Attention towards Mahatma Gandhi Biography as he had no political as well as public support with all the incidents like Jallianwala Bagh massacre and injustice by Britishers Mahatma Gandhi Biography decided he would start and non-cooperation movement strongly believes that British could only rule because of Indians cooperating with them this was already clearly mentioned in a book written by him namely Hind Swaraj.
He now started to spread awareness about the Swadeshi policy and included in his non-cooperation movement The Swadeshi policy mint uses of only self-made goods handball Court of any foreign goods, especially from the British Mahatma Gandhi Biography, strongly encourage All Indians to take some time everyday spelling the Khadya nachaka and we are that Khadi all local homespun cloth and give up any British trade Textiles not just this we also ask people to give a British law.
Quotes Institutions any Tarzan on a given by British authorities and jobs by the government this way is Non-Cooperation Movement focus on coupling the British raj economically political and administrative leave the non-cooperation movement spread like Wildfire among the Indian society on 2nd February 1922 The Non-cooperation volunteers from Gorakhpur district in Uttar Pradesh.
Gathered together protesting against the Hai food prices and liquor sales in the market there were not just beaten up by the local police but a lot of leaders were also arrested and put in the chaurichaura police station lock up as a result on 5th February over 2,500 people marched towards the market and police station racing anti-government slogans demanding the release of the leaders.
Out of control and Sub Inspector ordered fire on the masses due to which three people were shot dead and several others wounded this race the public even more and the incident turned violent the police station was set on fire and local placement inside died there are no exact numbers as how many policemen died but most literature mention 22to23 this incident was called the Chauri Chaura incident.
After this, the British ordered Mashallah around chaurichaura and hundreds of people were arrested Gandhi 15 day hunger strike and halted the non-cooperation movement at moment as he thought people need to be more informed and educated about his non-violent principles to gain Independence Mahatma Gandhi Biography was arrested on 10th March 1922 on the charges of sedition.
He was sentenced to six years and present starting from 18th March 1922 Mahatma Gandhi Biography was however released from the jail in just two years for appendicitis operation was released Gandhi again started a struggle for Swaraj in December in 1928 he demanded Dominion status for India are the British will have to face Non-Cooperation again in March 1930 Mahatma Gandhi lost the new civil disobedience movement called Salt Satyagraha Dandi March Dainik march was basically against the British raj represents all taxes imposed on Indians Indians were not allowed to produce.
Their own salt and cell during the colonial time Salt Satyagraha Hans was a nonviolent protest against the salt laws The Dandi March continued for almost 24 days from 12 March 6th April 1930 with almost 78 trusted volunteers to millions of Indians by the time it and it started from Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad to Dandi around 388 kilometers walking almost 16 km a day Mahatma Gandhi Biography and at this moment by picking up a handful of salt himself as technically breaking the law.
It is estimated that almost 60,000 people were arrested during this moment include in Jawaharlal Nehru Salt Satyagraha and the non-violent approach of Mahatma Gandhi Biography also influence leaders like Martin Luther King Junior Mahatma Gandhi in 1930 against the government as a result of which Gandhi was released in January 1931 this led to the Gandhi Irwin pact in 1931 this led to the Mahatma Gandhi Biography Irwin pact in 1931 which was signed between Gandhi and Lord Irwin then viceroy of India according to respect Congress would take back the civil disobedience movement and the authorities.
Would release all the Prisoners were not violent at the moment and also salt law sorry considered and the people near sea coast were allowed to collect salt Gandhi attended a second round table conference in Britain and this was the only time he left India between 1914 and his death after coming back to India is started another Satyagraha was led to the arrest once again he was sent to Yerwada prison Pune.
While he was in jail the British government and force the new law which gives untouchables new electorate and the called communal award Mahatma Gandhi Biography was afraid that this would divide the society and started and aamran Anshan of fast to death in jail however many people including the minorities were in favour of this and most notably by BR Ambedkar the leader of Scheduled castes this led to a compromise between Ambedkar and Gandhi and the communal award was now a device to the Poona pact due to the Britisher’s communal award for the first time labeling once cast became a sort of competition in 1934.
Mahatma Gandhi Biography resigned from Congress but returned to politics again in 1936 with the same goal of complete Independence Best picture during the World War II Mahatma Gandhi Biography instead everyone not to support the British by any means but this was a failure as men including leaders like Sardar Patel and Rajendra Prasad didn’t support and lacks of Indian signode Mahatma Gandhi Biography and join the British military in several points as the WALL continued Gandhi was no more aggressive but is a demand of Independence and demanded the British to quit India in a speech on 8th August 1942 in Mumbai in response Gandhi and 7 Congress leaders.
Were arrested trade unions this time didn’t go nonviolent and started to burn down and damaged government offices police station railway stations telegrapher’s Gandhi instead all the country meant to say peaceful and yet with any sort of cooperation with the government they should neither nor enjoy any British but be ready to be any violence by the officials this was the time when Gandhi came up with Karo Ya Maro aur do or die for rights and freedom Mahatma Gandhi Biography was arrested for two years and released before the end of world war.
As the health deteriorated present the British did not want Mahatma Gandhi Biography to die and present as this would anger the whole Nation Gandhi’s wife also died after 18 months of imprisonment on 2nd February 1944 when he came out of Jail a lot in politics has changed and demand for a separate Muslim country by Jinnah had become a hot topic at that time Gan instead for one United Nation in which Muslims.
And non-muslims all would leave but generated the idea at the end of War British declared signals that they would give power to Indians back again and Mahatma Gandhi Biography called off the struggle thousands of political prisoners were released the Congress and Gandhi called for British to quit India and Mahatma Gandhi Biography was strictly against the idea of division of the nation on religious Grounds Muhammad Ali Jinnah, however, admin demanded divide and Quit India.
Mahatma Gandhi Biography Mela proposal that Congress and Muslim League co-operate with each other but Jinnah rejected the proposal he called for direct action day on 16th August 1946 to address Muslims and ask for their support in favor of a division of the nation and Muslim and non-Muslim state in West Bengal Hussain Shaheed suhrawardy leader of the Muslim League declared a special holiday for police to celebrate the direct action day on this day unfortunately mass murders of Calcutta Hindus.
Were triggered and their properties of burnt down there was no police to stop the conference due to the declared holiday Hindu Stri talented to this and as a result of the conflict thousands were killed and tens of thousands were injured the British accepted to give Independence but also accepted gymnast proposal to divide India the partition was very violent and controversial living to over half a million deaths of people as almost 10 to 12 million non-muslims most Hindus and Sikhs migrated from Pakistan to India.
And Muslims from India to Pakistan on 15th August 1947 India finally got its independence but Mahatma Gandhi Biography more than celebrating the Independence appeal to the people to maintain peace and harmony in the nation instead of in the evening of 30 January 1948 Gandhi was on his way to address a prayer with Granny he was in the garden of Birla house
When Hindu Nationalist name Nathuram Godse shot in Christ the pistol in the chest Mahatma Gandhi Biography Circle to death and this day is marked as one of the darkest days the Indian nation has seen the nation lost its father who knew that one day the man who stood by the principles of nonviolence will meet such a violent death after his death.
Jawaharlal Nehru addresses the country mail to All India Radio live Goats in several of the conspirators involved in Gandhi’s mother arrested and tried in the coated Delhi Red Fort during the trial court did not deny anything no expressed any guilt Nathuram was found guilty and executed in 1949 Gandhi 5 Mai long control from Birla House to Rajghat was joined by over a million people indeed a gloomy Day for India. This article is written in tribute to Mahatma Gandhi Biography, the father of the Indian nation.
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